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Underlying the ongoing recovery signaled by the manufacturing PMI were solid gains in output, new orders and employment.
Manufacturing production increased for the fourteenth month running in July. Although the rate of expansion eased to a one-year low, it was above the average for the survey history. National PMI data signaled that output growth eased in the US, Japan, the UK and emerging markets. The rate of expansion improved slightly in the euro area, rising to a three-month high.
Supporting the latest increase in output was a further rise in the level of incoming new work during July. However, the rate of growth in new order books eased to its weakest since July 2009, when the current thirteen-month sequence of expansion began. The slowdown in new order growth was mainly centered on the US, China and Japan. In contrast, both the Eurozone and the UK saw stronger rates of increase.
Growth of international trade flows also eased further in July. The rate of expansion in new export orders was the slowest in seven months, having eased sharply since hitting a survey record high in April. The Eurozone, Japan and the UK all reported weaker rates of increase in July, but growth accelerated in the US.
Global manufacturing employment rose for the seventh successive month in July, with the rate of jobs growth picking up slightly from June's three-month low. Staffing levels rose at a faster pace in the US, the Eurozone and Japan. China and the UK both recorded further increases in employment, but their respective rates of job creation eased slightly over the month.
July data pointed to the slowest rate of increase in average purchase prices since last November, with the rate of inflation below the survey average for the first time in eight months. The slowdown in cost pressures was mainly centered on the Eurozone, Japan and China (with China the only nation covered to report a decline in purchase prices). In contrast, the US saw costs rise at a slightly sharper pace in July.
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