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Canadian municipalities issued building permits worth C$7.5 billion (US$6.6 billion) in September, up 12.7 percent from August, following a 27.3 percent decrease the previous month. The increase in September resulted primarily from higher construction intentions for both nonresidential and residential buildings in Ontario.
The value of nonresidential building permits rose 23.9 percent to C$3.1 billion (US$2.7 billion) in September, the fifth increase in six months. Higher nonresidential construction intentions were registered in six provinces, led by Ontario, followed by Quebec and Nova Scotia. Newfoundland and Labrador and Alberta had the largest declines.
In the residential sector, the value of permits rose 6.1 percent to C$4.4 billion (US$3.9 billion) in September. Gains were posted in seven provinces, led by Ontario and followed by Quebec and British Columbia. Declines were registered in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, following gains in all three provinces in August.
In September, construction intentions for institutional buildings rose 87.1 percent to C$851 million (US$750.7 million), following a 75.5 percent decrease the previous month. The value of institutional building permits was up in five provinces. The increase in September resulted primarily from higher construction intentions for medical facilities and educational institutions in Ontario. Alberta recorded the largest decrease, as a result of lower construction intentions for educational institutions.
In the commercial component, the value of permits increased 8.7 percent to C$1.7 billion (US$1.5 billion) in September, following a 12.8 percent decrease in August. The advance came from higher construction intentions in a variety of commercial buildings, including office buildings, warehouses, service stations as well as hotels and restaurants. Gains in Ontario, Nova Scotia and British Columbia more than offset decreases in the remaining seven provinces.
In the industrial component, the value of permits increased 13.4 percent to C$496 million (US$437.6 million) in September, after two consecutive monthly declines. The increase was largely attributable to higher construction intentions for manufacturing plants and utility buildings in Alberta and Quebec. Declines were registered in five provinces, with Nova Scotia and Ontario posting the largest decreases.
Construction intentions for multifamily dwellings rose 10.8 percent to C$2 billion (US$1.8 billion), after a 28 percent decrease the previous month. In Ontario, higher construction intentions for row house, apartment and apartment-condominium projects were responsible for the gain. In Quebec and British Columbia, the growth in the value of permits for multifamily dwellings came mostly from apartment projects. Declines were posted in five provinces, with Alberta and Saskatchewan registering the largest decreases.
The value of building permits for single-family dwellings increased 2.5 percent to C$2.4 billion (US$2.1 billion) in September. This followed a 2.3 percent decline the previous month. Advances were posted in seven provinces, with Ontario recording the largest gain. Quebec, British Columbia and Manitoba registered decreases.
Canadian municipalities approved the construction of 18,199 new dwellings in September, up 9.4 percent from August. This increase was mostly attributable to multifamily dwellings, which rose 12.9 percent to 11,814 units. The number of single-family dwellings increased 3.4 percent to 6,385 units.
The total value of permits was up in seven provinces in September. Ontario posted the biggest advance, with large increases in the value of institutional and commercial as well as multifamily dwelling permits.
Quebec's gain resulted primarily from higher construction intentions for multifamily dwellings and, to a lesser extent, institutional and industrial buildings. Gains in multifamily dwellings led to the increase in British Columbia.
Alberta recorded the largest decline as a result of lower construction intentions for multifamily dwellings as well as commercial and institutional buildings.
In September, construction intentions were up in 17 of Canada's 34 census metropolitan areas. The largest increases were in Toronto, followed by Ottawa and Montréal. In Toronto, the advance was principally attributable to institutional and commercial buildings as well as multifamily dwellings. The gain in Ottawa was mainly the result of higher construction intentions for both multifamily and single-family dwellings, while in Montréal, the increase came from multifamily dwellings and institutional buildings.
In contrast, Calgary and Oshawa posted the largest declines in the total value of building permits. Lower construction intentions in commercial buildings and multifamily dwellings explained the decrease in Calgary, while in Oshawa, the decline originated mostly from multifamily buildings.