Real U.S. GDP Increases 6.4% in 1Q According to ‘Third’ Estimate

The increase in real GDP in 1Q reflected increases in personal consumption expenditures (PCE), nonresidential fixed investment, federal government spending, residential fixed investment, and state and local government spending.
Real GDP 4Q third estimate 2021

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 6.4% in the first quarter of 2021, according to the “third” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 4.3%.

The “third” estimate of GDP released on Thursday was based on more complete source data than were available for the “second” estimate issued last month. In the second estimate, the increase in real GDP was also 6.4%. The upward trends for nonresidential fixed investment, private inventory investment and exports were offset by an upward revision to imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP.

The increase in real GDP in the first quarter reflected increases in personal consumption expenditures (PCE), nonresidential fixed investment, federal government spending, residential fixed investment, and state and local government spending that were partly offset by decreases in private inventory investment and exports. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

The increase in first quarter GDP also reflected the continued economic recovery, reopening of establishments and continued government response related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The increase in PCE reflected increases in durable goods [led by motor vehicles and parts], nondurable goods [led by food and beverages], and services [led by food services and accommodations].

The increase in nonresidential fixed investment reflected increases in equipment [led by information processing equipment] and intellectual property products [led by software]. The increase in federal government spending primarily reflected an increase in payments made to banks for processing and administering the Paycheck Protection Program loan applications as well as purchases of COVID-19 vaccines for distribution to the public. The decrease in private inventory investment primarily reflected a decrease in retail trade inventories, mainly driven by motor vehicles and parts dealers.

Current-dollar GDP increased 11% at an annual rate, or $566.8 billion, in the first quarter to a level of $22.06 trillion. In the fourth quarter, GDP increased 6.3%, or $324.4 billion

The price index for gross domestic purchases was up by 4% in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 1.7% in 4Q. The PCE price index increased 3.7%, compared with an increase of 1.5%. Excluding food and energy prices, the PCE price index increased 2.5% , compared with an increase of 1.3%.

Related Posts

About the Author
Recommended Reading
Leave a Reply

Leave a Comment

Sign Up for the MDM Update Newsletter

The MDM update newsletter is your best source for news and trends in the wholesale distribution industry.

Subscribe to continue reading

MDM Premium Subscribers get:

  • Unlimited access to MDM.com
  • 1 year digital subscription, with new issues twice a month
  • Trends analysis, market data and quarterly economic updates
  • Deals on select store products and events

2

articles left

Want more Premium content from MDM?

Subscribe today and get:

  • New issues twice each month
  • Unlimited access to mdm.com, including 10+ years of archived data
  • Current trends analysis, market data and economic updates
  • Discounts on select store products and events

1

article
left

You have one free article remaining

Subscribe to MDM Premium to get unlimited access. Your subscription includes:

  • Two new issues a month
  • Access to 10+ years of archived data on mdm.com
  • Quarterly economic updates, trends analysis and market data
  • Store and event discounts

To continue reading, you must be an MDM Premium subscriber.

Join other distribution executives who use MDM Premium to optimize their business. Our insights and analysis help you enter the right new markets, turbocharge your sales and marketing efforts, identify business partners that help you scale, and stay ahead of your competitors.